Personality Metapractice

Incorporate the perspective of personality awareness into your reflective practice for better personal development

Take the Personality Test below to see how you give personal expression to…

Instinct (instinctual intelligence), Head (cognitive intelligence), Heart (relational intelligence) or Gut (embodied intelligence)

Explore what kind of person you are…

Giving? Effective? Original? Wise? Loyal? Joyful? Powerful? Peaceful? Good?

The Test and Guide will enable you to think about …

What  are your strongest and weakest traits?

What does this say about the expression of your educational values and your personal style in the classroom?

How do your traits combine to give a balanced self-portrait?

How do you maintain a caring, critical, creative and collaborative attitude towards people with different personalities?

P4T Metatheory: reconciling and balancing competing values in the field of practice

Take the Personality Test

A quick guide to the typology, online test, interpreting your results and developing practice

Personality Metapractice Test & Guide Dr Tim Saunders P4T : Philosophy for Teachers : p4t.org.uk Aims 1. Know yourself better in terms of 4 Personality Traits – take a test as a quick way in 2. Personalise theory better – self-author your own personal identity in a way that can be articulated for academic and professional purposes 3. Develop better practice – how you can develop your practice in harmony with your personality 4. Teach for a better world! Metatheory : P4T Map 4Ps of Personal, Pedagogical, Professional and Planetary Development Metatheory : P4T Map The focal practice of Personality as part of personal development David Daniels M.D & Virginia Price PhD Daniels, D. & Price, V. (2009) The Essential Enneagram. The Definitive Personality and Self-discovery Guide 2nd Edition. New York: Harper Collins Source of the P4T Personality Typology About the P4T Personality Test Personality 1 Know Yourself 1 Minutes Task: The test asks you to reflect on what traits describe the kind of person you are in four modes of expression. In each mode you will be asked to identify the one which is closest to the kind of person you are out of three characteristics. Then you will be asked to rank your top four characteristics in order of closest fit, one from each mode, to provide a layered and balanced self-portrait. Modes of Expression A Instinct B Head C Heart D Body Getting started: a quick Self-Test Personality 1 Know Yourself 2 Minutes Task: In terms of the following general characteristics how would you describe the kind of person you are? Select one from each mode that is most like you, before then exploring more deeply how well you know yourself. These are initial clues about your personality even if you recognize all 12 in yourself. Modes Pick one from each row A Instinct I look after myself I pair off with another I get in my group B Head I am a wise person I am a loyal person I am a joyful person C Heart I am a giving person I am an effective person I am an original person D Body I am a powerful person I am a peaceful person I am a good person Exploring your Instinct subtype and identifying your primary Instinctual Trait Personality 1 Know Yourself 5 Minutes Task: Reflect on the characteristics below and identify the one which describes your embodied intelligence best: A1, A2 or A3. You may recognjse all three in yourself but select the one which is most you. Record your answer for later when you compile your self-portrait. Mode A1 : Self-Pres A2 : 1:1 A3 : Social A Instinct In my instinct for survival I tend to be naturally preoccupied with self- preservation through … Regulation (self-care of sleep, meals, etc); Preparation of habitat/shelter (‘nesting’); and Subsistence, safeguarding the supplies I need most. In my instinct for procreation I tend to be naturally preoccupied with self-expansion through … Enticement (wanting to be attractive to another); Exploration (wanting to discover compatibilities with another); and Opportunity (wanting to check actual possibilities for bonding with another). In my instinct for group belonging I tend to be naturally preoccupied with self-extension through … Dominance, wanting to know where the power lies in the group dynamic; Association, wanting to obtain value from group identity; Cooperation, wanting to contribute to the betterment of the group’s purpose. Exploring your Head type and identifying your primary Intellectual Trait Personality 1 Know Yourself 5 Minutes Task: Reflect on the characteristics below and identify the one which describes your cognitive mode of intelligence best: B1, B2 or B3. You may recognjse all three in yourself but select the one which is most you. Record your answer for later when you compile your self-portrait. Mode B1 : Wise Person B2 : Loyal Person B3 : Joyful Person B Head I strive to be detached and am known as an investigator; I like to be wise and find it easy to specialise, although at my worst I can be isolated and stingy. I strive to be secure and I am known as a loyalist; I like to be sceptical and find it easy to question authority although at my worst I can be over- analytical and fearful. I strive to be excited and am known as a positive person; I like variety and find it easy to be optimistic although at my worst I can be escapist and avoid painful issues. Exploring your Heart type and identifying your primary Relational Trait Personality 1 Know Yourself 5 Minutes Task: Reflect on the characteristics below and identify the one which describes your emotional mode of intelligence best: C1, C2 or C3. You may recognjse all three in yourself but select the one which is most you. Record your answer for later when you compile your self-portrait. Mode C1 : Giving Person C2 : Effective Person C3 : Original Person C Heart I strive to be connected and am known as a helper; I like to be caring and find it easy to nurture although at my worst I can be manipulative and seductive. I strive to be outstanding and am known as an achiever; I like to be successful and find it easy to perform although at my worst I can be inauthentic and vane. I strive to be unique and am known as an individualist; I like to be original and find it easy to be deep although at my worst I can be arrogant and moody.  Exploring your Gut type and identifying your primary Somatic Trait Personality 1 Know Yourself 5 Minutes Task: Reflect on the characteristics below and identify the one which describes your embodied mode of intelligence best: D1, D2 or D3. You may recognjse all three in yourself but select the one which is most you. Record your answer for later when you compile your self-portrait. Mode D1 : Powerful Person D2 : Peaceful Person D3 : Good Person D Gut I strive to be powerful and am known as a challenger; I like to be in control and find it easy to be assertive although at my worst I can be domineering and vengeful. I strive to be peaceful and am known as a peacemaker; I like to blend in and find it easy to mediate different points of view although at my worst I can be obstinate and lazy. I strive to be perfect and I am known as a reformer; I like to be good and find it easy to see what needs improving although at my worst I am over self- critical and resentful. Compile Your Self-Portrait as a summary of your primary Traits Personality 1 Know Yourself 5 Minutes Task: Compile your results, one from each mode. Then rank them in order of closest fit to the kind of person you are. This provides a layered and balanced self- portrait. Mode Results Your Order 1st 2nd 3rd 4th A Instinct B Head C Heart D Body 1. I could be described as a …… person who … For example I would … (1st trait) 2. I also tend to be … For example I … (2nd closest trait) 3. I can also be… For example I … (3rd closest trait if it enhances your top two) 4. On occasion I can … (4th closest trait if you want to refer to this) 5. At my worst I can be … (something you would only share confidentially and if you are asked about an area of need in personal development) 6. Ultimately my gift is to be … (summarise how you are when you are in your element and how you contribute your best self in response to what the world is calling for) Articulate Your Own Personality for Academic / Professional Purposes Curriculum 2 Personalise Theory 30 Minutes Task: Write a summary of your personality including all four modes In the light of your own personality how would you argue for or against the P4T hypothesis that: • Embodied intelligence (Gut) is best conceived as a goal of personal development? • Instinct is best conceived as a ground of personal development? • Cognitive intelligence (Head) is best conceived as giving direction to personal development? • Relational intelligence (heart) is best conceived as an instrument of personal development? Articulate Your Own Personality for Academic / Professional Purposes Curriculum 2 Personalise Theory Open ended Task: Explore the extent to which your personality matches the P4T personality hypothesis Click to return to p4t.org.uk 1. How can you integrate the other practices of Personal Development in P4T with your expression of Personality i.e. Mindfulness, Spirituality and Way of Life? 2. How could you teach better in line with your personality so as to be your best self in the classroom? 3. How could you appropriately share your personality with pupils/students/colleagues so as to be more open about the kind of person you are, engage their interest and invite feedback? 4. What kind of personality do pupils/students themselves have and how could you teach better in response? Articulate Your Own Personality for Academic / Professional Purposes Curriculum 3 Develop Practice Open ended Task: How could you integrate your Personality into Teaching practice? 1. How do your Personality and the practices of Pedagogical Development mutually enhance one another? Your approach to Thinking. Imaginative Teaching. Positive Learning. Curriculum? 2. How do your Personality and the practices of Professional Development mutually enhance one another? Your Teamworking. Professional Culture. Leadership Styles. Transformative School/University? 3. How do your Personality and the practices of Planetary development mutually enhance one another? Your Worldview. Peace work. Political engagement. Civilisational ideals? Articulate Your Own Personality for Academic / Professional Purposes Curriculum 4 Teach for a Better World Open ended Task: Explore how your personality connects with other dimensions of educational philosophy to create a better world in practice Please include these references in any academic writing Saunders, T. (2020) Philosophy for Teachers: Personality Metapractice Test and Guide [Online]. Available at https://www.p4t.org.uk/metapractice/personality/ [Accessed …] Daniels, D. & Price, V. (2009) The Essential Enneagram. The Definitive Personality and Self-discovery Guide 2nd Edition. New York: Harper Collins References

© 2020 Tim Saunders PhD

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